Perming is one of the most harsh and cruel things you can do to your hair, having done that it is important to take utmost care of your damaged hair. It is important to know the cycles your hair goes through during and the chemical procedure followed to achieve those deadly perms.Perming breaks the natural bonds of your hair and reforms the structural bonds, though a neutraliser is applied after rinsing off the perming solution but your hair continues to form new bonds for two to three days. Hence after care is very important after perming, do not wash your hair for atleast 3 to 4 days. Let’s understand the chemical procedure used and the effect it has on our hair.
There are 2 types of perming solutions Alkaline based and Acid based, the former one is stronger and gives tight long lasting curls. The latter type is milder and will give you soft perms with volume and bounce. It is ideal for thin and delicate hair, they cannot work on their own and require externally heat whereas alkaline perms develop the curls in room temperature.
Depending on your hair type and requirement the perming solution is chosen, it is important to discuss these things with your hair dresser. These chemicals penetrate the hair shaft and break the bonds of hair and form new ones, thus after the solution is rinsed off you need a neutralizer to bring the hair back to normal stage, of course with those deadly locks.
Neutralizer stores the pH balance of the hair which is lost due to the chemical application. Avoid sudden change in temperature immediately after a perming session since perming softens the keratin in your hair and damages the cuticle. Your hair becomes extremely vulnerable due to such changes in the hair structure and can easily break down causing severe hair loss.